Shulchan Aruch 491:1, Mishna Brurah 491:1. Thus, it follows the same Nussach as any Motzei Shabbos.] Are the Pesukim of Hinei Keil Yeshuasi recited on Motzei Yom Tov? Listen to. Although the sabbath is considered ended when there are 3 stars in the sky, we can do this beautiful ceremony to … Other Opinions: The Beis Yehuda 2/28, and other Poskim [brought in Sdei Chemed ibid] rule that one may say Havdalah the entire week. This was based on an explicit directive of the Rebbe Rayatz that one is not to say it and that so was the custom of the Rebbe Rashab and the Rebbe Maharash, although there were some years in which they said it. if someone is not sure whether or not he will have wine available for Havdalah, he should listen to the cantor recite Havdalah in the synagogue, but he should stipulate in his mind that he wishes to fulfill his obligation only if he has no wine at home, but that if he does find wine at home he does not wish to fulfill his obligation in the synagogue. However, on Yom Tov, fire was not prohibited from being used for a need on the Holiday. The source for the Ashkenazic text is the following: the Rama 296:1 writes that before the Bracha of Havdalah one should say Yishaya 12:2-3, Ester 8:16, Tehillim 116:13. He tells us we learn that there is a mitzvah to make havdala … Tzitz Eliezer 8:16 and 14:42 allows using coffee, tea, or milk as chamar medina when there is no wine available. However, on Yom Tov, there is no extra soul given at all. Havdalah (הבדלה) translates from Hebrew as "separation" or "distinction." The Lord of Hosts, praisewor thy is the one who trusts in Him.  Yet he also cites Rabbi Eider (Halachos of Shabbos 266 fnt. bein yom hash’vi-i l’sheishet y’mei hamaaseh. The Bach argues that for Ashkenazim there is an additional reason to permit women to make the bracha considering that Ashkenazim allow one to make a bracha even for Mitzvot that one is not obligated in such as, Sh"t Iggerot Moshe CM 2:47:2, Sh"t Tzitz Eliezer 14:43, Sh"t Yechave Daat 4:27, Shulchan Aruch 491:2, Mishna Brurah 491:4. see. The order of elements when havdala is combined with kiddush (e.g., on a Saturday night that is Yom Tov) is known by the acrostic Yaknhaz. The order of elements when havdala is combined with kiddush (e.g., on a Saturday night that is Yom Tov) is known by the acrostic Yaknhaz. According to Sephardim, one should make the appropriate Bracha for that besamim. The service can take place in the home, in synagogue or in a group. However, when Motzei Yom Tov falls on Friday night it is not recited. It is a widespread minhag ion our times for the cantor to recite Havdalah in synagogue, and there is no need to protest the custom. Yalkut Yosef 296:8 writes that one may not use coffee, tea, orange juice, or soda for Havdalah, but one if there's no wine in the city, one may use beer or cognac which are considered Chamar Medina; Chazon Ovadia, Hilchot Shabbat, Chelek 2, Page 408 specifies that coffee, tea, milk, and fruit juice are not considered chamar medina, and therefore one may not make havdalah with them.  If one did not say Havdalah the next day [prior to sunset] then he may no longer say Havdalah, and may thus continue eating and drinking as usual. Rav Avigdor Neventzahl in Biyitzchak Yikare footnote 25 says that according to Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach milk is not allowed even in places where it is commonly used like Switzerland. 1.1 Havdalah for Yom Tov; 1.2 When Motzei Shabbat is a Yom Tov; 2 Who is Obligated. Some poskim allow one to use an electric light in place of a Havdala candle in a time of need. Rav Schachter (Eretz HaTzvi p. 57) permits preparing the wine for Havdalah because. According to Sephardim, one should sit during Havdalah. Some Ashkenazim hold that women should not recite, The custom is to add several pesukim prior to Havdalah for a good sign. One who did not say Havdala on Motzei Yom Tov is to say Havdala the next day [until sunset], and is not to eat or drink anything, besides for water, until he does so. As for the definition of chamar medina Mishnah Brurah 272:24 says that even beer is only permitted in a place where it is a common drink. 34) in the name of Rav Moshe permits putting them together. [So also rules Piskeiy Teshuvos 299/10],  299/8 regarding Havdalah after Shabbos, and the same rule applies to Motzei Yom Tov. May one who did not say Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov say it the next day?.  Admur 491:4; Havdalah is not recited either in prayer or over a cup of wine. However, when Motzei Yom Tov falls on Friday night it is not recited. Hineih Eil yeshuasi, evtach ve-lo efchad, ki azi ve-zimras Yah Adonoy, va-yehi li lishu'ah. 299:10. The reason: The reason for this is because the holiness of Shabbos is greater than that of the holiness of Yom Tov. Holiness from the everyday, Light from dark, Israel from the nations, The seventh day from the six workdays. Even if they are touching it is permitted to detach them.  As explained in 296 [ibid; Vetzaruch Iyun as in 296 no mention of this is made. Among their opposition to is the fact that the blessing recited upon the Havdala candle includes the word "fire" which seems to imply the need for actual fire, not merely light. There's a dispute whether women are obligated in Havdalah. , Besamim: During Havdalah of Motzei Yom Tov, we do not say a blessing over Besamim. Igrot Moshe 2:75 says that in an extenuating circumstance tea or milk could be used as chamar medina. As such a light bulb would not be acceptable according to this view. The order of elements when Havdalah is combined with kiddush (e.g., on a Saturday night that is 'Yom Tov' ("holiday", literally "Good Day") is known by the acrostic יקנה"ז Yaknhaz. Havdalah means “separation”—between light and dark, between the holy and the mundane.. Havdalah is a multi-sensory experience. However, Tosafos [Beitza 33b] rules that Gehenom is subdued on Yom Tov and hence the reason for the omission of Besamim is because there is no extra soul. shehechiyanu).  However, some have the custom to omit it. Sephardim hold that coffee, tea, orange juice can not be used as chamar medina. It is preferable not to hold the two candles together. Havdalah (from the Hebrew word for separation) occurs on … It most probably then is the case that Admur did not write this word and it was written by the copier. Who distinguishes. Baruch atah Adonai, hamavdil bein kodesh l’chol. 297:1, The Radiance of Shabbos p. 130.  The Chabad custom is to recite it quietly. 299:6. The Remah quotes the Rashba discussing the above posuk. iv. 2. If they already got involved in another activity (hesech hadaat) they need to recite havdalah again. [Admur ibid],  The reason: One is only required to say a blessing over Besamim on Motzei Shabbos, as the soul is pained by the leave of the extra soul it received on Shabbos and has now exited from it on Motzei Shabbos, and needs to be comforted. Q&A. Post-Havdalah Songs. Havdalah marks the space in time when Shabbat is over, which might sound sad at first. The Ashkenaz minhag is to make Boreh Minei Besamim (בורא מיני בשמים) which is the general Bracha for nice smells at Havdalah no matter what’s being used for besamim. Rav Chaim responded that the Chazon Ish thought that nowadays nothing including beer is chamar medina since wine is so common and even orange juice he was hesitant to allow using it as chamar medina. Yalkut Yosef 299:7 writes that one who recites the bracha past Sunday isn't scorned, however, on the, Shulchan Aruch O.C. [ibid; See also 599 regarding Vetodieinu for a similar ruling]. As the Shabbat Queen departs and darkness descends, the Havdalah ceremony fills us with hope and courage. He ends that even though it is pasteurized it is still like wine for all intents and purposes since it tastes like non-fermented wine (Shulchan Aruch O.C. Havdalah is one of the most overlooked Jewish celebrations that should get more attention. The Havdalah is a Jewish blessing spoken to separate the end of holy days and holidays and ordinary days. 299:5 rules that the mitzvah of besamim is only on Motzei Shabbat. Furthermore, in certain prints of the Shulchan Aruch of Admur this entire Halacha is missing. We do not rule like this opinion, as brought in Chachma Umusur [see Sdei Chemed] that all the Poskim argued on his ruling. Sh"t Igrot Moshe 2:75 rules that soda is just like water, isn't Chamar Medina, and thus, can not be used for Havdalah. Use of the abbreviated form: Shabbat 150b Doing one's needs before the abbreviated form of Havdalah: Shabbat 150b. Rav Moshe Feinstein in Iggerot Moshe OC 2:75 defines chamar medina as something you would serve to guests who you want to show respect to. print formatted text of this blessing. This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent. When Yom Tov ends on Friday night Havdalah is not made because Havdalah is only made when entering a day of lesser holiness If Shabbat ends and Yom Tov begins, or if Sunday is the second day of a holiday, Havdalah is said as on Saturday night on the same cup of wine as, and part of Kiddush. If one forgot to say Havdalah on Motzei Shabbat one can say it until Tuesday. It’s short, it has cool props, and it has wine. Is Vayiten Lecha recited on Motzei Shabbos Chol Hamoed? Even though Rav Ovadia in Yabia Omer 6:48:13 was concerned about Safek Brachot and wrote that one couldn't say it after Sunday in Yabia Omer 7:47 he retracted and followed Shulchan Aruch since the machloket is about the Mitzvah and not the bracha. If the cup of havdalah falls and spills out completely they should get a new cup of wine and recite a new hagefen. Rav Elyashiv responded that they should use beer or another drink. Doing work before Havdalah in Prayer: Shabbat 150b Since Shabbat is holier than all the holidays, we recite the havdalah when Shabbat leads into a holiday. Birkei Yosef 296:3 clarifies that the Shulchan Aruch's language of "or other drinks" didn't mean to include milk and oil, but rather he meant other types of Chamar Medina and exclude water even if the people of the town only drink water. This acrostic consists of the initials Yayin (wine), Besamim (spices), Ner (candle), and Havdalah (the Havdalah prayer). The Lord of Hosts is with us, He is our support, the God of Jacob, Selah. This follows the ruling of Tosafos Pesachim 102a; Rashba 3/290; Radbaz 2/620 that there is no extra soul on Yom Tov. Judaica - A magnificent spice tower / container - מגדל בשמים להבדלה Sterling silver - Hebrew- unique Art Deco design Hand crafted by an Israeli artist - 1950 - DUGMA Havdalah Havdalah candle, kiddush cup and spice box Havdalah (Hebrew: הַבְדָּלָה, "separation") is a Jewish religious ceremony that marks the symbolic end of Shabbat and ushers in the new week. If one made Havdalah in. It can still be significantly improved, either by adding content, adding a picture, restructuring the page, or updating its content. See also 473/9],  The reason: As one is simply stating the order of Havdalos that are written in the Torah “Bein Kodesh Lechol, Bein Or Lechoshech, Bein Yisrael Leamim etc”. Vetzaruch Iyun how the above Poskim can go against the Zohar. Whether one recites Havdalah after the first of two days of Yom Tov: Beitzah 4b [see Shitah Mekubetzet there] Abbreviated Form of Havdalah. Havdalah In Prayer. This is the initial letters of Y ayin (wine), K iddush (blessing the day), N er (candle), H avdala (the havdala blessing) and Z man (time, ie shehechiyanu ). Admur in 491/1 adds the words “There is no extra soul given at all at all”. Yom Tov Sheni Khilchato ch. The Havdalah blessing text is composed of, in sequential order, an introductory blessing, a blessing over wine, a blessing over spices, a blessing on the candle, and a blessing on separation. He adds that this was the practice of Rav Moshe Feinstein to smell the besamim before the havdalah to check if it smelled. He also adds that after Ester 8:16 one should say 'כן תהיה לנו'. This is the initial letters of Y ayin (wine), K iddush (blessing the day), N er (candle), H avdala (the havdala blessing) and Z man (time, i.e. Is Vayiten Lecha recited on Motzei Yom Tov? Havdalah is the ceremony of separation between every Shabbat and weekday, Yom Tov and weekday, or Shabbat and Yom Tov.  Peri Megadim 491 M”Z 1; and so is the custom of the Rebbe as was witnessed in public. The Rambam in Hilchos Shabbos (29:1) writes, “It is a mitzvas asei min haTorah to be mekadeish the Shabbos with words, as the posuk says, “Zachor es yom haShabbos lekadsho.”. Or Letzion (v. 3, 18:6) based on Biur Halacha 514:2 s.v. It involves wine, light, and spices. Some people add “Miriam Ha-nevi’ah.” Shavua Tov Shabbat ends on Saturday night after the appearance of three stars in the sky. Sh"t Tzitz Eliezer 12:37 writes that saying "Have a good week" does not fulfill the mitzvah of Havdalah.  So is understood from all the Poskim mentioned in the first footnote who only extend the allowance for the next day. הַבְדָּלָה; "distinction"), blessing recited at the termination of Sabbaths and festivals, in order to emphasize the distinction between the sacred and the ordinary, with regard to the Sabbath (or festival) that is departing and the or dinary weekday. You shall draw water in joy from the waters of deliveran ce. *In those years that Motzei Yom Tov is also Motzei Shabbos then the order of Havdalah follows the same order as Motzei Shabbos. 13 talking about this. , Haeish: During Havdalah of Motzei Yom Tov, we do not say a blessing over fire. Rebuttal (Gra DH Madlikin): The Rema (489:9) says that when the last Yom Tov of Pesach is on Motza'ei Shabbos, so Kidush includes Havdalah, we count the Omer beforehand in the Beis ha'Keneses. Therefore, on the second day of Yom Tov or on Shabbat following Yom Tov, light candles from a pre-existing flame, such from a match lit by a Yahrtzeit candle or other flame lit before the beginning of Yom Tov. There's a dispute whether Havdalah is Deoritta or Derabbanan. Sh"t Tzitz Eliezer 11:34 and 12:38 writes that there's no an issue of asking an non-religious Jew to do work for him after, Understanding Havdalah on Motzai Shabbos by Rabbi Shay Schachter, Rav Yitzchak Yosef (Motzei Shabbat Matot Masei 5778 min 36), Rav Yitzchak Yosef (Motzei Shabbat Matot Masei 5778 min 49), Motzei Shabbat (Matot Masei 5778 min 44-47), https://halachipedia.com/index.php?title=Havdalah&oldid=28967. If the first day of Yom Tov (not Rosh Hashana) is Shabbos, an Israeli will make a normal havdalah המבדיל בין קדש לחול, while someone from outside ... shabbat eretz-yisrael yom-tov chutz-laaretz havdalah listen to Havdalah. Sh"t Igrot Moshe 2:75 rules that soda is just like water and can not be used for, Mishna Brurah 297:1, Vezot HaBracha (pg 181, chapter 19), The Radiance of Shabbos p. 131, Mishna Brurah 297:1, Vezot HaBracha (pg 181, chapter 19), Shulchan Aruch O.C.  : 140. On Motzei Yom Tov, whether it is Motzei Yom Tov to a weekday or Motzei Yom Tov to Chol Hamoed, one is required to recite Havdalah over a cup of wine just like on Motzei Shabbos. It is recited over a cup of wine, at night, immediately following the end of Shabbat. Shulchan Aruch O.C. As a bonus, the Yom Tov section serves as an all-in-one Hebrew/English machzor for the festivals of Pesach, Shavuos and Sukkos. The Rama 296:8 states that women shouldn't recite Havdalah for themselves. For the full Ashkenazic text see. One may not use soda because soda isn't considered Chamar Medina. If one has wine, wine has precedence over any other drink. Someone who can't smell should not recite Besamim unless he is fulfilling the obligation of someone who can smell. May one who did not say Havdala on Motzei Yom Tov say it the next day? If one is has an extreme need such as a need to travel to the end of the. Chamar Medina includes beer or cognac and does not include soda, lemonade, or water. [Admur ibid],  The reason: As the blessing over a flame was only instituted to be said on Motzei Shabbos and Motzei Yom Kippur, in which case fire was prohibited for the entire day and it now returns to be permitted, as explained in 298/1-2. Another reason: Regarding the second reason mentioned by the Bach for smelling Besamim, due to the return of the fire of Gehenom, the Mordechai [Pesachim 105] rules that on Yom Tov Gehenom is not subdued, and thus there is no need for Besamim on Motzei Yom Tov. Although the Sabbath ends at the appearance of three stars, there generally are set calendars and times for Havdalah. Then, if he finds that there is wine available at home, he may recite Havdalah for himself in accordance with the condition he made. Nevertheless, there are those authorities who discourage the use of an electric light for Havdala. Sh"t Vayan Avraham (Izrael) Siman 34 (pg 63) writes that he remembers in the holocaust the question arose whether lemonade could be used for Havdalah and he concludes that it just like water and can’t be used for Havdalah. The addition is the kiddush which declares the holiness of the incoming Yom Tov.There is a difference of opinion among the Sages as to which comes first - kiddush or havdalah. Mishna Brurah 272:25 prohibits the use of milk or oil, and Mishna Brurah 272:30 permits the use of liquor. 2) The special havdalah recited on a holiday which falls on Saturday night.Havdalah is made when entering a day of lesser holiness. The central blessing of the Havdalah is the following paragraph, of which there are variants: "Blessed art thou, God, our Lord, King of the Universe. Havdalah (הַבְדָּלָה) [HA-V-DAH-LAH] (NOUN): Havdalah is a ceremony that marks the end of Shabbat (weekly), or a Yom Tov (holiday). Havdalah is a Hebrew word that means “separation” and is the ritual that ends Shabbat, separating it from the start of the new week. In the dim twilight, the people in the circle (often joining hands) sing “Shavua Tov” (a good week), which is sung in Hebrew and English. Magen Avraham 299:1, Mishna Brurah 299:1 unlike Taz 299:1 who allows eating during ben hashemashot. veyechabeh. This acrostic consists of the initials Y ayin (wine), K iddush HaYom (blessing the day), N er (candle), H avdala (the Havdala blessing) and Z man (time, i.e. Havdalah is a ceremony involving wine, light, and spices used to mark the end of Shabbat or a Yom Tov (holiday) and the rest of the week. 8. 323, Shulchan Aruch and Rama O.C. The minhag is to look at one's fingernails during the havdalah in order to indicate that one is getting benefit from the candle to see the difference between one's nails and flesh. Some Poskim rule it is to be recited.  [Thus, it follows the same Nussach as any Motzei Shabbos.]. [Admur ibid]. Holiday havdalah can be divided into two categories: 1) Havdalah recited at the conclusion of a holiday. The reason is that on yom tov holding two candles together is likely going to come to an issue of extinguishing one of the candles more quickly. And many key services, such as candlelighting, Kiddush, the Shabbos meals and Havdalah, are prefaced by a synopsis of pertinent laws and customs. In the end of Parshas Shmini, Perek Yud, Posuk Yud, the posuk teaches us that Hashem said we should differentiate between the holy and mundane. Havdalah (Hebrew: הַבְדָּלָה , "separation") is a Jewish religious ceremony that marks the symbolic end of Shabbat and ushers in the new week. Whoever wishes to can listen to the cantor's Havdalah in the synagogue and fulfill his obligation, even thought the listener is not holding a cup of wine. This is followed by “Eliyahu Ha-navi,” sung in Hebrew only. [Reshimos 4:12 and 22], Join the Daily Halacha Whatsapp Audio Group, Purchase Sefarim and Courses in the newly updated online store. One who did not say Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov is to say Havdalah the next day [until sunset], and is not to eat or drink anything, besides for water, until he does so.  [. The cantor must sit down when he recites Havdalah in the synagogue, and all those of he congregation who wish to fulfill their obligation by listening to him must sit while he recites it. 6.1 If there is no wine or grape juice; 7 Besamim; 8 Fire; 9 Saying Havdalah Early; 10 Until When Can One Say Havdalah? He also says that juice, tea, or coffee maybe permitted but soda is definitely not because it is just like water. Shabbat and Yom Tov share the same text of havdalah (the main bracha), both in davening and with wine. Havdalah With a Difference. Shulchan Aruch O.C. If one isn't sure if the spice has a smell may smell it in advance without a bracha. 296:2 writes that one may make Havdalah on beer if it is Chamar Medina or other drinks besides for water. However, Tzaruch Iyun from Admur which states “on Yom Tov there is no extra soul at all”. Yes. 272:3). Blessings for Havdalah. The order of elements when Havdalah is combined with kiddush (e.g., on a Saturday night that is 'Yom Tov' ("holiday", literally "Good Day") is known by the acrostic יקנה"ז Yaknhaz. La'Adonoy ha-yeshuah, al amecha bircha-secha selah. A beautiful ritual, it’s a brief ceremony that uses four elements to mark the moment we sadly say goodbye to the beauty of Shabbat, and pledge to carry its gifts into the week to come. The opinion of the Geonim is that whoever recites. 2.1 Women; 2.2 Children; 3 Havdalah in Davening; 4 The Order of Havdalah; 5 Havdalah recited by the cantor; 6 Wine or other drinks. 11 Standing or Sitting for Havdalah This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 01:43. If someone doesn't have fragrant spices for besamim one doesn't have to go out of his way to get them and can recite havdalah without them. Dismiss, Miscellaneous articles in Choshen Mishpat. He concludes with a citation of Rabbi Akiva Eiger OC 669 and YD 1 that even on a regular motzei Shabbat two candles next to one another is sufficient, yet we don't generally follow that opinion (Magen Avraham 298:4).  Hayom Yom 19th Nissan; see also Sefer Haminhagim p. 118 [English]; Otzer Minhagei Chabad p. 142, Original Chabad custom: In the earlier prints of Hayom Yom p. 46 it stated that one does not say Vayiten Lecha at all on Motzei Shabbos Chol Hamoed. This shows that Afukei Yoma overrides Iyulei Yoma! The Aruch HaShulchan 296:8 adds 4 more pesukim after the ones in Yishaya from Tehillim 3:9, 46:8, 84:13, and 20:10. Blessed art thou, God, The Sephardic custom is to say the following text before Havdalah: כוס ישועות אשא ובשם ה' אקרא: אנא ה' הושיעה נא אנא ה' הצליחה נא: הצליחנו הצליח דרכינו הצליח לימודינו וכו' ושלח ברכה רוחה והצלחה בכל מעשה ידינו כדכתיב ישא ברכה מאת ה' וצדקה מאלהי ישענו: ליהודים היתה אורה ושמחה וששק ויקר: וכתיב ויהי דוד לכל דרכיו משכיל וה' עמו, כן יהיה עמנו תמיד: ונח מצא חן בעיני ה', כן נמצא חן ושכל טוב בעיני אלוקים ואדם: אלהא דמאיר עננו: ואתם הדבקים בה' אלוקיכם חיים כולכם היום: The source for the Sephardic text is the following: Yalkut Yosef (. It all makes sense for Motzei Shabbat, but why do we mention המבדיל בין יום השביעי לששת ימי המעשה (Who separates between the seventh day and the six days of creation) after Yom Tov? The Radiance of Shabbos p. 132 citing Kaf Hachaim 216:3. Nonetheless, according to Sephardim women may make the it for themselves. Hence, Veatah Chonantanu is omitted in Shemoneh Esrei of Friday night, and one does not say Yaknahaz by Kiddush. A person needs to be able to benefit from the fire in order to recite the bracha over it. HAVDALAH (Heb. Likewise, the Chida [Bircheiy Yosef 491/1; Machazikei Bracha 491/1] argues against his ruling. Jewish holidays, also known as Jewish festivals or Yamim Tovim (Hebrew: ימים טובים , lit. , Nussach: The Nussach of Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov that falls on a weekday also contains the words “Bein Yom Hashevi’i Lesheishes Yimei Hamaaseh”, even though it is now in middle of the week [and it thus seems irrelevant to mention this statement]. [Shaar Hakolel 17/22; Likkutei Sichos 31 Ki Sisa] However, the Rebbe in Likkutei Sichos 31 Ki Sisa footnote 15 explains that based on Nigleh there is no extra soul at all on Yom Tov, and it is only based on Kabala that there is an extra soul, hence Admur wrote in his Shulchan Aruch, which follows the rulings of Nigleh, that there is no extra soul “at all”. Ideally, one should use a besamim spice that is indeed minei besamim, such as cloves. 67 quotes Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach and Rav Moshe Feinstein (quoted from Rav Efraim Greenblatt) as explaining that although generally we prefer to use a torch with two or more wicks for havdalah, on Yom Tov we avoid this. Adonoy tzeva'os imanu, misgav lanu Elohei Ya'akov selah. The cantor recites Havdalah in the synagogue on behalf of those who have no wine or who will not recite Havdalah for himself in his home. However, the Ashkenazic minhag is to stand during, Before one says Havdalah, one may not doing any Melacha.  For list of opinions on this question see Sdei Chemed Asifas Dinim Mareches Heim 15; Kaf Hachaim 299/24. The Text. shehechiyanu ). Other Poskim: Some Poskim rule one may not say Havdalah even the next day, as Safek Brachos Lehakel. 1 fnt. For Havdalah if there is no wine or grape juice available one can use chamar medina. Thus, after sunset one is to be stringent. , _____________________________________________________________,  Admur 491:1; 602:2 [Regarding Motzei R”H]. *The Ashkenazic custom is to say the following text before Havdalah: הנה אל ישועתי אבטח ולא אפחד כי עזי וזמרת יה יהוה ויהי לי לישועה: ושאבתם מים בששון ממעיני הישועה: ליהוה הישועה על עמך ברכתך סלה: יהוה צבאות עמנו משגב לנו אלהי יעקב סלה: יהוה צבאות אשרי אדם בטח בך: יהוה הושיעה המלך יעננו ביום קראנו: ליהודים היתה אורה ושמחה וששן ויקר, כן תהיה לנו: כוס ישועות אשא ובשם יהוה אקרא: Chazon Ovadia, Hilchot Shabbat, Chelek 2, Page 82, Chazon Ovadia, Hilchot Shabbat, Chelek 2, Page 408 writes that grape juice is practically like wine and is thus more preferable than chamar medina; Chazon Ovadia v. 1 p. 99 writes that grape juice is fit for kiddush and havdalah based on the Gemara Bava Batra 97a.  So rules Kol Bo 59; Rav Akiva Eiger 299/6; Beis Ephraim; Mishneh Berurah 299/15; Piskeiy Teshuvos 299/4; SSH”K and so infers Sdei Chemed [Asifas Dinim Mareches Heim 15] from Admur 299/8 who allows saying Havdalah of Shabbos the next day even if one purposely skipped Havdalah at night, thus proving that the next say is not a Din Tashlumin, but rather a continuation of the obligation. Deliveran ce is God's, for His nation that is his praise, Selah. If someone made havdalah without spices and gets spices later on Motzei Shabbat he can recite the bracha of besamim on them at that point. This is also in Yalkut Yosef 202 fnt. If motzei shabbat is yom tov, one may use the Yom Tov candles for havdalah. Sh"t Nachalat Shimon 15 says this was the practice of Rav Chaim Soloveitchik, Har Tzvi 2:114, Sh"t Yechave Daat 2:39, Maharshag 2:107, Kitzur S"A of Rabbi Raphael Baruch Toledano pg. In truth, in the source of Admur from the Magen Avraham and Levush these words “at all” are omitted. 298:3, Zohar 2:208b:2, Shaarim Metzuyanim Behalachah 96:6, Az Nidberu 8:2, Rivevot Ephraim 3:599. see also Mishpitei Uziel OC 1:9, Shaarim Metzuyanim Behalachah 96:6. It is permissible to use a non-religious Jewish taxi driver on. (R. Zeira): When Yom Tov falls in the middle of the week, the text of Havdalah is 'He who separates between Kodesh and profane, and between light and darkness, and between Yisrael and the Nochrim, and between Shabbos and the six days of work.' Ushav'tem mayim be-sasson mi-ma'ainei ha-yeshuah. When a Yom Tov festival begins motzei Shabbos (Saturday night) the usual havdalah over wine which ushers out the holy day undergoes an addition and a subtraction.. More sources can be found in Yabia Omer OC 3:19 for this approach. 297:5, The Radiance of Shabbos p. 131, Shulchan Aruch O.C. At the end of shabbat chol-hamoed the blessings are identical to those at the end of a regular shabbat. One who did not say Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov is to say Havdalah the next day, ____________________________________________________________, Admur in 491/1 adds the words “There is no extra soul given at all, The Chassidishe Parsha Torah Or-Likkutei Torah, Accidentally said Morid Hageshem or Visein Tal Umatar Livracha after the first day of Pesach, Preparing on the 1st day of Yom Tov on behalf of the 2nd day of Yom Tov or Shabbos, From the Rav’s Desk: 1) Starting Chazaras Hashatz if 10th man is up to Shemoneh Esrei; 2) Whey Powder OUD, The greatness and severity of the Mitzvah of Tefillin, From the Rav’s Desk: 1) Lost Minyan during Keria; 2) Pouring a second serving from hot water urn on Shabbos. Therefore, some turn off the electric lights when making Havdalah, but others hold that the strict halacha doesn't require turning off the lights. However, the Rashbam Pesachim 102b rules there is an extra soul on Yom Tov, and so is the ruling of the Zohar. The Rambam adds, “It is required to remember Shabbos as it comes in with Kiddush, and so too when it leaves with Havdalah.”.  Elya Raba 491:2; Aruch Hashulchan 295:3. *We do not kindle new flames (such as by striking a match) on Yom Tov.  The reason: As Chol Hamoed is forbidden in Melacha, and it is hence a belittling of Chol Hamoed to bless the weeks Melacha. The ritual involves lighting a special havdalah candle with several wicks, blessing a cup of wine (does not have to be wine) and smelling sweet spices. [Many Poskim listed in Sdei Chemed ibid and so he rules; Chida in Birkeiy Yosef 491/1; Machazik Bracha 491/1; Chesed Leavraham 491/2; Ben Ish Chaiy Vayeitzei 23],  However, past sunset, he is to no longer say Havdalah as it is now a question whether or not the next day has begun, and many Poskim hold that Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov may not be made up even the next day. 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