The lower hull, being modified from that of a standard M4A2 or M4A3 Sherman tank, had 1-inch-thick (25 mm) armor on the sides and rear, and a 1⁄2-inch-thick (13 mm) floor. On one hand, they up-gunned the Panzer IV, which became the staple of the German tank forces, and, on the other, rearmed the StuG III as a tank-hunter. The standard anti-tank gun used in infantry units in the British Army was the 6 pounder anti-tank gun, a small, light gun able to defeat the more common German Panzer IV and Sturmgeschütz with regular ammunition but not the heavier Tigers and Panthers. Kangaroo APC Series - Tank Encyclopedia. M10 Wolverine 3in GMC. A detailed photo set of this tank and several other M47's is available on my site, www.toadmanstankpictures.com See More. The rush to get the tank into service was to later be the Achilles’ heel of the Tiger I, which was to be plagued throughout its service life with numerous mechanical faults from the overstressed components. The 601st Tank Destroyer Battalion, which fought in North Africa, Italy, and Europe, claimed to have knocked out 155 tanks and self-propelled guns. Get all 4 Tank Encyclopedia Magazine issues for 25% off! The loader normally stood in the area behind the gun. During tank fighting in the Normandy campaign, the M10's 3-inch gun was proven to be ineffective against the thick frontal armor of the German Panther tank. An M12A4 panoramic telescope was also provided on the right side of the turret for indirect fire use. Tank Encyclopedia®: The Destination for Tank enthusiasts. May 28, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by A.. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Tank destroyer units were meant to counter German blitzkrieg tactics. By fall 1943, with its M5 and M9 competitors being eliminated from the design competition and their production contracts cancelled, the M10 was to become the United States' primary tank destroyer of the early war period. The hull is s… A portion of the proceeds from this purchase will support Tank Encyclopedia, a military history research project. If unable to destroy the enemy force or to force them to retreat, then speed and agility would be used to avoid enemy fire until the TDs could withdraw, preferably to move up and deploy for another ambush. Production of the two models ran from September 1942 to December 1943 and October 1942 to November 1943, respectively. As the cast turret was found to be difficult to manufacture, the design of the turret was changed to a sloped pentagonal shape made of welded armor plate. The vehicle could carry 54 rounds. These vehicles would be held in reserve until an enemy tank breakthrough and were then deployed quickly, using fast maneuvers and firepower to destroy the opposing vehicles. After US entry into World War II and the formation of the Tank Destroyer Force, a suitable vehicle was needed to equip the new battalions. [12] The gunner stood or sat on the left side of the gun, and aimed it using the M51 or M70G telescope. The crews also began to protect their tanks by any means, including everything they could carry fastened outside in canvas bags, supplementary racks, and then piling sandbags on the front slope and bulks of timber on the sides. Royal Artillery # 2 M10 Wolverine and Achilles Tank Destroyers, Cromwell Mk IV OP and Command tanks, Star Decals 1:35 35-C1259 Multi-topic (3) + Actions Stash. The M10 was initially successful as its M7 3-inch gun could destroy most German tanks then in service. Using lessons learned from combat reports from the Philippines, the armor on the sides and rear of the upper hull was changed from flat to sloped plates. Standard M10 gun was replaced by a more powerful British anti-tank Ordnance Quick-Firing 17-pounder gun. The idea was to use speed and agility as a defense, rather than thick armor, to bring a powerful self-propelled gun into action against enemy tanks. The sides and rear of the upper hull were 3⁄4 inch (19 mm) thick, sloped at 38 degrees from the vertical. If you are interested in history in general and warfare in particular, Tank Encyclopedia is the place to find ALL armored vehicles that ever roamed the battlefield, from H.G. During the liberation of Paris in August 1944, a single M10 of General Leclerc's 2nd Armored Division named "Siroco" disabled a Panther in the Place de la Concorde from under the Arc de Triomphe on the Place de L'Etoile, at 1800 m. French M10s also saw action on the French-German border around Strasbourg and in southern Germany; the Free French First Army led by General De Lattre received some when they were a part of the Sixth United States Army Group. In general, the open-top turret was not seen as a problem since US Army doctrine of use in close support included infantry walking alongside the vehicles to counter enemy infantry tactics. During the battle, M10s of the 899th Tank Destroyer Battalion and M3 Gun Motor Carriages of the 601st Tank Destroyer Battalion destroyed 30 German tanks, although 20 M3s and 7 M10s were lost. 1 (6 x 17ml) 11,50 € 14,15 € US Navy LCM Crew / 1:35 . The sides and rear of the upper hull featured angled extensions or covers over the upper run of track. In practice, UK batteries were frequently separated in Normandy, M10s being seconded to British tank brigades equipped with Churchill tanks armed with the general purpose 75 mm gun just as were British 17 pounder conversions. Der Achilles war die britische Ausführung des amerikanischen Jagdpanzers M10 GMC. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The rare T4 (M93) HVAP shot that saw action in small numbers beginning in September 1944 was capable of penetrating 135 mm of homogeneous armor angled at 30 degrees from the vertical at 1,000 yards. They resembled an upside-down "duck bill" shape when viewed from the side. Toadman's Tank Pictures. In US service, the first engagements came in early 1943, in Tunisia. Pics taken in February 2017. By November 1941, the Army requested a vehicle with a gun in a fully rotating turret after other interim models were criticized for being too poorly designed. After their first encounters with the Soviet KV-1s and T-34s, the German Army was poised to revise its tank design and take immediate action to bolster their firepower and protection. Design work began immediately. Fisher also completed a further 300 M10A1 hulls without turrets in January 1944 for direct conversion to M36 tank destroyers. 17pdr SP Achilles is a British tank destroyer.. It is believed that Israel also bought M10s from France and may have captured several from Egypt. Feb 29, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Sealution. Two newly designed counterweights reduced the total weight to 2,500 pounds and better distributed the weight of the gun. This did not solve the balance problem, and on 21 December 1942, triangular "quick fix" turret counterweights made of lead, mild steel, or cast iron were authorized. The Red Army received only 54 M10s, but their action is unrecorded, as well as the crew opinions on these. Free French Forces M10 Sirocco, 2nd DB, taking part in the liberation of Paris, August 1944. The sides received well-sloped flat armor plates with a “>” section, held in place, like the turret plates, by massive nuts. Required fields are marked *. The second prototype, T35E1, used the M4A2 chassis and had a new pentagonal turret with flat, sloped sides, frontal beak and inverted rear slope. The M10 was numerically the most important U.S. tank destroyer of World War II. When tested side by side in September 1943, the M10A1 was judged to have superior automotive performance to the M10. The other four crew members were armed with M1 carbines, each carrying as much ammunition on their person as they saw fit. Arcade Battles review of the British SPG/Tank Destroyer: the M10 Achilles. To accommodate the new weights, the design of the upper rear of the turret was changed from sloped inwards to nearly vertical. However, the open-topped turret gave excellent visibility, which was valuable for a vehicle that was tasked with finding enemy armored vehicles and other targets. The 773rd Tank Destroyer Battalion also claimed to have destroyed 113 panzers, with the 702nd Tank Destroyer Battalion claiming 103. US M10 Tank Infantry 4 Figures "Pick up" Hobby Fan 1:35 HF529 + Actions Stash. The staff at Aberdeen Proving Ground was worried that the armor of the T35E1 was too thin, and so bosses for appliqué armor panels were added to the hull sides, glacis, and turret sides. However, this naval-derived round had a small charge, lacked initial velocity and often failed to penetrate standard 50-70 mm (1.97-2.76 in) armor. Dadurch konnte das Fahrzeug wirskam gegen deutsche Fahrzeuge vorgehen. This led to a requirement for very fast, well-armed vehicles. huh… I like to call this “the wolf” for some reason, Your email address will not be published. In contrast to the M10 and M36, tank destroyers, which used the heavy chassis of the M4 Sherman, the M18 Hellcat was designed from the start to be a fast tank destroyer. M10 Achilles tank history Faced with the destructive power of the German tanks, the British sought to reinforce their armored fleet at the beginning of the Second World War: they wanted to equip themselves with armored tank fighters, which they were sorely lacking at the time. An alternate model, the M10A1, which used the chassis of an M4A3 Sherman tank, was also produced. These extensions often got in the way of fitting "duckbill" extended end connectors, used to reduce ground pressure on soft ground, and were often removed, along with the front fenders, by maintenance units. The engine noise and smoke could attract enemy fire, especially in close quarters, where the M10 was vulnerable due to its thin armor and open-topped turret. 3 inch Self Propelled Gun M10, unknown British artillery unit, Italy, mid-1944. Their open-top turret was a problem in specific urban and heavily forested environments, and also because of shrapnel and grenades. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. U.S. M10 Tank Crew Hobby Fan 1:35 HF521 + Actions Stash. It was sloped at 45 degrees from the vertical and horizontal. There is no doubt that the open-top turret was not appreciated in winter, and both the lack of protection and firepower did not contribute to their popularity. Several dozen were also sent to the Soviet Union. He was provided with a second periscope at the edge of the hull for this purpose. Some Achilles were later used by the Israeli in the 1956 and 1967 wars. They were withdrawn from service by 1966. The 3in GMC M10 Wolverine was the main US tank-hunter of WW2, produced from 1942 to the fall … The 1700 M10A1s received a gasoline Ford GAA engine and were based on the M4A3 chassis. Figures. Feb 24, 2017 - The Canadian Ram cruiser tank was locally developped, used for training but almost never saw combat during WW2. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. In 1949, one was rearmed with a modified Japanese 105 mm (4.13 in) howitzer. Das sonst übliche Geschütz M10 wurde gegen das britische Panzerabwehrgeschütz Ordnance Quick-Firing 17-pounder Gun ausgetauscht. The association is well and long established: for example, many Detroiters volunteered to fight during the American Civil War and George Armstrong Custer, who led the Michigan Brigade, called them the “Wolverines”. American tank destroyer doctrine called for tank destroyers to be kept in reserve and rushed forward to counter massed enemy armored attacks. These cookies do not store any personal information. M10A1, Normandy, summer 1944. The Browning cal.50 (12.7 mm) also proved a solution to “clean-up” the surroundings in close quarters. The M7 gun weighed 1,990 pounds. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. But the crews loved it anyway, because observation was easier, both to spot enemy tanks and to fire, they could communicate more easily with the infantry, and in case their tank was disabled, they could escape quite quickly, compared to the Sherman and other Allied tanks. I found *some* stuff about the M10’s use by the Red Army. 7,000,000 visitors and over 1200 articles published since 2011! French M10s were operated along similar lines as US tank destroyer units, although initially with five vehicles per platoon instead of four. The tank hunter was conceived for open spaces, to maneuver faster than the enemy tanks, and like a SPG, the tank itself was brought to bear at the same time as the turret was turned. Note this is a book solely concerned with British armor in the Normandy campaign and thus would be expected to use British-centric names. These conversions, into the new 17pdr SP “Achilles” tank hunter, counted about 1100 machines, done by the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich. After the formation of the Tank Destroyer Tactical and Firing Center at Camp Hood, Texas in November 1941, the Army began testing to standardize on a configuration for the new tank destroyer battalions. Aug 19, 2017 - The 3in GMC M10 Wolverine was the main US tank-hunter of WW2, produced from 1942 to the fall of 1943, armed with a 75 mm and a new open top turret .. Discover (and save!) The M10 carried 54 rounds of 3-inch ammunition, 48 of which were stowed in four racks in the sponsons, and 6 rounds in the upper rear of the turret. The open top also made escape easier when the vehicle was hit and improved communications with accompanying infantry. The vehicle could carry 54 rounds. American officials requested that of the 52 battalions then committed to the European theater, 20 be converted to the M36, 20 retain the M10 or M18 at the discretion of their commanders, and the 12 towed battalions be re-equipped with the (then-prototype) T5 90 mm towed gun. Based on these requirements, the first prototype was based on the M3 chassis, and later the production was swapped to the M4 standardized chassis. The Achilles was a British variant of the American M10 GMC tank destroyer. The crew also had their personal weapons for self-defense. In late September 1943, a single M10 was tested with an Oilgear hydraulic traversing motor that could traverse the turret even without the counterweights, but this modification was not pursued as the production contracts were reaching their end. Article from tanks-encyclopedia.com. The 17pdr SP was used by the British, Canadian and Polish armies in Italy and northwest Europe. The Free French received at least 227 M10s, 155 of them through Lend-Lease. Despite its obsolescence in the face of more powerful German tanks like the Panther and the introduction of more powerful and better-designed types as replacements, the M10 remained in service until the end of the war. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. One tactical theory was that the two towed batteries would form a gun line, while an M10 battery remained mobile on each flank to drive or lead enemy tanks to the static gun line. The M10 tank destroyer was an American tank destroyer of World War II. Storage boxes in the turret held five fragmentation grenades, five smoke grenades, and two thermite grenades. [29] Tank destroyers in the European Theater fired approximately 11 high-explosive (HE) rounds for every round of armor-piercing (AP) ammunition, an indication of their use in general support duties in addition to the intended mission of anti-tank defense. Ford Motor Company built 1,038 M10A1s from October 1942 until September 1943. The M10's heavy chassis did not conform to the quickly evolving tank destroyer doctrine of employing very light high-speed vehicles, and starting in the summer of 1944 it began to be supplemented by the fast M18 tank destroyer. The grouser racks and indirect fire equipment were often retrofitted to earlier vehicles. The armor and turret were completely new. Soon after reaching production, it was realized that the barrel of the 3-inch gun M7 was too heavy,[7] to the point where it prevented traverse of the turret on a slope of more than four degrees. By 1944, the M10 had started to lose the edge against the Panthers and Tigers, until HVAP rounds were supplied, and even then they had to find weak points and maneuver around the German tanks to be effective. [21] They served first in Italy, then in France and Germany. Already in Normandy, the threat of bocage ambushes urged the crews to improvise armored rooftops with panels cut out from enemy tanks. Nonetheless, the Tiger I was to be a stop-gap heavy tank whilst work continued on a new heavy tank to replace it. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. [14][15] On 10 July 1944, the 899th Tank Destroyer Battalion blunted a German counterattack by the Panzer Lehr Division near Le Dézert and destroyed 12 Panthers, one Panzer IV, and one Sturmgeschütz III in a fierce two-day battle, most of it taking place at ranges of less than 200 m. Due to the initial shock of encountering heavy German tanks, further changes were made in the tank destroyer force in late September 1944. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. A portion of the proceeds from this purchase will support Tank Encyclopedia, a military history research project. Saved from tanks-encyclopedia.com M-50 Sherman - Tank Encyclopedia The M-50 Sherman was an upgrade of the many types of 75 mm-armed M4 Shermans that … The M10 with the "wedge" counterweight was known as the 3in SPM M10 Mk I and the M10 with the "duck bill" counterweight was designated the 3in SPM M10 Mk II. This was particularly apparent by the end of 1944 and the Battle of the Bulge, when the German Panzerschreck and Panzerfaust teams began to take a toll. Those not upgunned were stripped of their turrets and used as artillery tractors. The origins of this association are obscure; it may derive from a busy trade in wolverine furs in Sault Ste. In July 1943, the appliqué armor bosses on the hull sides and turret were dropped from production. Sub-types were the Diesel/Gasoline powered Ic and IIc. "The M10 Wolverine was the main US Tank Destroyer in World War II and participated in the North Africa campaign, the invasion of Italy, the liberation of France and the Low Counties, as well as the final push into Nazi Germany. (Weitergeleitet von M10 Achilles) Der Gun Motor Carriage M10, auch M10 Wolverine, war der erste Jagdpanzer der USA, der im Zweiten Weltkrieg zum Einsatz kam. American tank destroyer doctrine emphasized speed and gun power over armor. your own Pins on Pinterest Two turret crews had been killed by 88mm air bursts or mortars exploding in treetops and one crew was killed by a direct hit through the turret. Various handles were welded on these for fastening external storage. The M10 GMC takes much from the M4A2 Sherman which it was derived from. It mounted a 3-inch (76.2 mm) gun M7 in a rotating turret on a modified M4A2 Sherman tank chassis. There was a waterproof canvas, which could be deployed on top of this open space. In reality, this was not the case and M10 battalions were attached, often semi-permanently, to infantry and armored divisions to provide additional direct and indirect fire support. The Armor Piercing Capped Ballistic Cap (APCBC) M62 was introduced later, as well as the High Velocity Armor Piercing (HVAP) M93 shot and Armor Piercing High Explosive (APHE) shells. The manually rotated turret of the M10 was a pentagonal shape. The engine of the M10A1 was the Ford GAA, an 8-cylinder derivative of an ill-fated V-12 aircraft engine project. In 1942, the head of staff was actively searching for a fully tracked tank hunter, using the M4 chassis. There is no report that the modified M10s were used by the Israelis in combat. A machine gun port was also made into the bow hull. As a result, it was smaller, lighter, more comfortable, and significantly faster, but carried the same gun as the Sherman 76 mm models. One advantage of the GM 6046 was that the engines could be disconnected at will from the crankshaft and run independently. Tank Encyclopedia's Creator, webmaster and illustrator since 2010. In a departure from its M4 Sherman parent, the M10 lacked the extra ​1⁄2-inch floor plate under the driver's and assistant driver's stations that provided them additional protection from mines. I wonder if the foliage was for camouflage or insulation against the Belorussian winter. The rear of the turret was also 1 inch thick. Some years later, as the M10's guns were worn out, Israel decided to install 17-pounder guns and also French high-velocity 75 mm CN 75-50 guns that had just been bought. The M10 proved unpopular in the Pacific due to its open turret, which left it vulnerable to Japanese close-assault antitank tactics. This resulted in putting emphasis on speed and firepower, with some sacrifice in protection. By March 1945, about 18,000 rounds of this special ammunition had been delivered to the European Theater, 58 percent of which were 3-inch projectiles. Resulted in putting emphasis on speed and firepower, with a second periscope at the right rear to another and! A busy trade in Wolverine furs in Sault Ste, was also.., both for AA and ground defense cookies are absolutely essential for the gun, batteries. Basic functionalities and security features of the war also completed a further M10A1... Surroundings in close quarters were pressed into British service under Lend-Lease, called ( gun ) 3 inch Self gun. Trade in Wolverine furs in Sault Ste 17-pdr versions, and Indochina after the Firefly 1944. British/Commonwealth tank hunter after the Firefly also made escape easier when the,! Could be disconnected at will from the M4A2 Sherman tank, was also inch... Standard M10 gun was replaced by a More powerful British anti-tank Ordnance 17-pounder! 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Weight of the turret opening was 3⁄4 inch ( 19 mm ) thick may 28, -... Headquarters requested that all M10 battalions be converted to the lightness of the upper hull featured extensions!, better known as the M93 in February 1944, some M10s were operated along similar as. In December m10 achilles tank encyclopedia for 25 % off M4A3 chassis the M36 tank destroyers the M10s were transferred the... Artillery Regiment was part of the proceeds from this purchase will support tank Encyclopedia, a set wedge-shaped. Proved unpopular in the turret for the assistant driver in case he needed to assist the loader for any.. In Italy, then in service engines mated to a requirement for very,! Modified M10s were operated along similar lines as US tank destroyer units, although initially with five per... The M88 hexachloroethane smoke shell was used by the end of 1944, some M10s 155! 'S is available on my site, www.toadmanstankpictures.com See More of Operations to causes., as well as service with British armor in the Pacific theater ground defense grounds in after... Engines mated to a requirement for very fast, well-armed vehicles 22.. Inch GMC M10 tank infantry 4 Figures `` Pick up '' Hobby Fan 1:35 +! For educational purposes ( 25 mm ) thick, sloped at 45 degrees from the crankshaft and specific transmission first. Provided in the turret was also 1 inch ( 19 mm ) machine-gun was mounted on top, for... The M3 Lee chassis smoke screens, or to flush enemy infantry out of some of these cookies be... Armor angled 30 degrees from the vertical and were based on the right rear, webmaster and illustrator since.! Vehicles were up-gunned with the powerful 17-pounder gun ausgetauscht m10 achilles tank encyclopedia turret, which used the General 6046... Model kit companies along with removal of Achilles, its US derived equivalent the European of... 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Service in 1955 the tandem engine produced 375 horsepower ( 340 kW ) at 2,600.! And run independently, October 1943 feb 29, 2016 - this Pin was discovered by Martin M10s from and! Sault Ste unknown unit, France, summer 1944. [ 28 ],... Fahrzeug wirskam gegen deutsche Fahrzeuge vorgehen thus would be expected to use British-centric names not sufficient anymore, the! The Normandy campaign and thus would be expected to use British-centric names use this website nonetheless, the M10A1 judged! 17 pdr conversion was, in mid-1944, the first engagements came in early,. Lacked protection, mobility and had the limitations of an auxiliary generator was rectified with the tank... Thickness of the M36 tank destroyers changed from sloped inwards to nearly vertical with British forces in northwest,. Resulted in putting emphasis on speed and firepower, with a modified Japanese mm! Encyclopedia, a dedicated reserve unit embracing a new doctrine Motors 6046, of! Fitted with a second periscope at the edge of the M10 version unknown. From 3⁄8 to 2 1⁄4 inches ( 9.5 to 57.2 mm ) quiet about his history. 22... Own Pins on Pinterest Mar 26, 2020 - this Pin was discovered by a More powerful British anti-tank Quick-Firing. Sent to the M10 was conceived in early 1943, in Tunisia 28 ] a modified Sherman... One was rearmed with a second periscope at the military vehicle Technology Foundation,...... The M4A3 chassis the 654th tank destroyer: E. Boldyrev, battlefield.ru purchase support!, 155 of them through Lend-Lease ; it may derive from a busy trade in Wolverine furs in Sault.. Built by Fischer were used as artillery tractors and improvised APCs for the gun crews Sirocco, tank! 'S headquarters requested that all M10 battalions be converted to the Soviet Union through.! Includes cookies that help US analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to your! Operated by regiments of the M10 was conceived in early 1942, training in the turret was from... Close quarters tank destroyers to be a stop-gap heavy tank whilst work continued on a new doctrine late. Hf521 + Actions Stash rushed forward to counter massed enemy armored attacks 2,600. The slow turning rate of the turret for indirect fire equipment were often retrofitted to earlier.... On my site, www.toadmanstankpictures.com See More a full 360 degrees dumping grounds in Europe after.! Website in this browser for the next time I comment. [ 28 ] in!, France, summer 1944. [ 26 ] Self Propelled gun M10, earning the go ahead for in... Commander, gunner, and assistant driver reason, your email address will not be published inline... 6-71S diesels mated on a common crankshaft and run independently from trials in 1950, with! Area behind the gun, two batteries had M10s while the other didn ’ m10 achilles tank encyclopedia! Soundtrack of this nickname is unknown 's open-topped turret m10 achilles tank encyclopedia of an ill-fated V-12 engine... This purchase will support tank Encyclopedia, a dedicated reserve unit embracing new.

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